Exploring the nomadic culture of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has always been a favourite destination on any of our Central Asia trips. It is a country that offers wide-open spaces, rugged mountain landscapes, beautiful lakes, sprawling pastures, and well as a deep-rooted cultural heritage that offers a glimpse into a way of life that has remained largely unchanged for centuries.

At the crossroads of ancient trade routes, Kyrgyzstan’s history is a narrative of resilience and adaptation. The Kyrgyz people, a Turkic ethnic group, have inhabited the region for over two millennia, navigating the challenges of conquests and migrations while preserving their distinct cultural identity. Nomadic life has been central to their survival, shaping every aspect of their society.

Central to the nomadic lifestyle is the yurt, a portable dwelling that serves as both home and sanctuary for Kyrgyz families. Crafted from wooden lattice frames covered with felt or canvas, yurts are designed to withstand the harsh mountain climate, offering warmth in the winter and coolness in the summer. These circular structures are not merely shelters but symbols of community and hospitality, where travellers are welcomed with open arms and shared meals. When visiting Kyrgyzstan, staying overnight in a yurt is a great way to immerse yourself in the Kyrgyz culture, which is why we have included a yurt stay in our Istanbul to Beijing via the Silk Road guided tour.

One of the most cherished traditions in Kyrgyz nomadic culture is the art of the sauna, known as a “chon” in the native tongue. Built from stone and heated with wood-fired stoves, these rustic steam baths hold a sacred place in Kyrgyz culture, believed to cleanse both body and soul, and is often accompanied by rituals such as hitting yourself (or others) with birch branches, a practice believed to promote good health and vitality.

Livestock rearing is the lifeblood of the nomadic economy, with horses, sheep, goats, and yaks being integral to Kyrgyzstan’s pastoral way of life. Herds graze freely on the vast alpine meadows, moving with the rhythm of the seasons in search of fresh pasture. The bond between the nomads and their animals runs deep, reflecting a symbiotic relationship built on mutual dependence and respect.

During the summer months, nomadic herders migrate to high-altitude pastures known as “jailoos” in search of lush grazing lands. These seasonal camps serve as temporary settlements where families come together to tend to their livestock, trade goods, and celebrate age-old customs.

For centuries, Diety Orgus has been one of these summer pastures, a gathering place for Kyrgyz nomads, and a place where traditions are passed down from generation to generation amidst the timeless beauty of the natural world. To this day, it still draws nomads from far and wide, offering pristine landscapes and abundant resources for both humans and animals alike. It is one of our favourite destinations in Kyrgyzstan – it is such a peaceful and tranquil place. Diety Orgus offers something for everyone – whether you want to enjoy it by sitting by the river, surrounded by beautiful mountains and stunning views, or you are seeking a little more adventure by heading off on one of the epic hikes or horse rides.

The nomadic culture of Kyrgyzstan couldn’t be further from the life that most of us live. It is deeply connected to the land and its rhythms, where life is lived at a very different pace. For us, Kyrgyzstan is a travel destination that encourages you to slow down, to breathe a little deeper, to explore and gaze in awe at the natural beauty, and to enjoy immersing ourselves in a culture that is so different from our own.

Related Posts


Exploring Cappadocia

The region of Cappadocia (including the town of Goreme) is nestled in the heart of Turkey. Its unique combination of history and otherworldly landscapes means

Read More »